JAPAN KARATE INSTITUTE OF NORTH CAROLINA

  908-B Peters Creek Pkwy Winston-Salem, NC 27103; 336-773-0170  
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Japanese Terminology

NUMBERS

  1. Ichi
  2. Ni
  3. San
  4. Shi
  5. Go
  6. Roku
  7. Shichi
  8. Hachi
  9. Ku
  10. Jyu
 

COMMANDS

Kiyotsuke  Line up
Hajime  Start/Begin
Yame  Stop
Naore  Relax
Rei  Bow
Shomen ni  To the front
Otagai ni  To each other
Mawata  Turn Around
Yoi  Ready
Mukuso  Begin Meditation
Kiai  Shout 'AI'
Kritsu  Stand to Attention
 

STANCES (DACHI)

Yoi  Ready
Naihanchi  Horseback
Neko Ashi  Cat Foot
Hachiji  Natural
Musubi  Attention
Heisoku  Feet Together

TECHNIQUES (WAZA)

BLOCKS (UKE)

Jodan  High, such as to the head
Chudan  Middle, such as to the chest
Gedan  Low, such as to the belt
Chudan Soto  Outward Block
Chudan Uchi  Inward Block
Gedan Barai  Low Block
Shuto  Open Hand Block
Marote  Double Hand Block
Mawashi  Round Block
Hiji  Elbow Block
 

KICKS (GERI)

Mae  Front Kick
Mawashi  Round Kick
Yoko  Side Kick
Ushiro  Back Kick
Kekomi  Thrust Kick
Keagi  Snap Kick
Kage  Hook Kick
 

PUNCHES(TSUKI) / STRIKE(UCHI)

Choku  Straight Punch
Jyn  Same Side Punch
Gyaku  Opposite Side Punch
Kage  Hook Punch
Ippon Ken  One Knuckle Punch
Nukite  Open Hand Poke
Uraken  Backfist
Tettsui  Hammerfist
Shuto Uchi  Open hand Strike
Empi Uchi  Elbow Strike

PHONETICS

A  AH  Car
I  EE  Knee
U  OO  Zoo
E  ED  Fed
O  OH  Go
EI  AY  Play
AI  I  I
 

GENERAL TERMS

Osu  Greeting reflecting a positive attitude and strong spirit
Dojo  Place to train in martial arts
Seiza  Kneeling position for meditationor concentration
Kohai  Junior Student (usually refers to an assistant instructor)
Senpai  Senior Student (usually refers to an assistant instructor)
Sensei  Instructor/Teacher
Shihan  Instructor of Instructors
Gi  Uniform
Obi  Belt
Kata  Set series of exact techniques fighting an imagenary opponent
Kihon  Basics
Kumite  Sparring
Zanshin  Awareness
Kime  Focus
Maie  Distance
Kamae  Ready
Taisabaki  Body Shifting
Wa  Peace, Harmony
Do  the Way
Ryu  Style